Wide-area Transmission System Fault Analysis Based on Three-Phase State Estimation with Considering Measurement Errors
In this chapter, a wide-area integrated method including a set of algorithms for transmission lines fault analysis is introduced. The proposed method is based on extension and modification of state estimation formulation. Thus, the method is applicable to both symmetrical and asymmetrical networks as well as all fault types including symmetrical and asymmetrical ones. The method exploits the capacities of state estimation formulation and the solution algorithm of weighted least squares (WLS) to reduce the effect of inherent errors on the fault location accuracy and detection and elimination of bad data in the measurement vectors. For this purpose, an error model of the measurement chain including instrument transformers and PMUs is proposed. This model is used to design measuring errors covariance matrix in the state estimation formulation. The performance of the proposed method has been investigated through numerous fault events simulated on different locations of all transmission lines of the IEEE 118-bus test system.
Ghaedi, A., Hamedani Golshan, M.E. (2021). Wide-area Transmission System Fault Analysis Based on Three-Phase State Estimation with Considering Measurement Errors. In: Haes Alhelou, H., Abdelaziz, A.Y., Siano, P. (eds) Wide Area Power Systems Stability, Protection, and Security. Power Systems. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54275-7_17