Adaptive Switch Matrix for PV Module Connections to Avoid Permanent Cross-Tied Link in PV Array System Under Non-Uniform Irradiations
In this paper, the significance of cross-tied link between the solar photovoltaic (PV) modules in an array during partial shading conditions (PSCs) is introduced. In order to conduct a detailed analysis, twenty numbers of 20W PV modules ( 4×5 ) are arranged in a series-parallel (SP) configuration. The change in the pre-arranged SP configured PV array is implemented using a cross-link matrix switch between parallels based on shadow patterns. The switch matrix based modified PV array configuration is called Adaptive-cross-tied (A-CT) configuration. An embedded system based adaptive switch matrix (ASM) controller is developed to control the cross-linking connections between the PV modules under the PSCs to improve global maximum power. In addition, a performance analysis is carried out and compared all PV modules arranged in conventional SP and A-CT configurations. Moreover, realistic shadow test cases are under consideration to characterize current-voltage (I-V) and power-voltage (P-V) characteristics. The output power of the PV array decreases as well as the P-V curves show multiple power maxima points., such as the local maximum power point (LMPP) and the global maximum power point (GMPP). LMPP and GMPP locations, mismatch loss (ML), enhanced fill factor (FF), decreased power loss (PL) and performance ratio (PR) are indicators of performance during experimental and MATLAB/Simulink studies.
Authors: Rupendra Kumar Pachauri; Hassan Haes Alhelou; Jianbo Bai; Mohamad Esmail Hamedani Golshan
Published in: IEEE Access (Volume: 9)
Page(s): 45978 - 45992
Date of Publication: 24 March 2021