Combined Firm and Renewable Distributed Generation and Reactive Power Planning
The benefits of integrating Distributed Generation (DG) into the distribution networks depend on the characteristics of different types of DG units, loads and Reactive Power Sources (RPS). These benefits can be optimized if the firm DG units such as biomass energy and renewable DG units such as photovoltaic (PV) and wind system are optimally sized, located and coordinated with reactive power sources. In this paper, by assuming that the Distribution System Operator (DSO) has got the ownership and operation of DG units and RPS, a new planning strategy is proposed for determining the optimal placement and rating of DG units and RPS. This strategy overcomes the challenge of intermittency of renewable production in order that this planning will assist the system operators in defining the better integration strategies of firm and intermittent energy systems and reactive power sources in distribution networks. The proposed planning is based on single objective optimization so that it optimizes one of the following objective functions every time: the system energy losses, voltage stability margin, self-adequacy of microgrids defined on the distribution system and exchange of active and reactive powers between the distribution system and upstream network. The proposed technique accounts for the uncertainties associated with solar irradiance, wind speed and demand through a probabilistic optimization. The formulation of each planning problem is presented and applied to the 69-bus distribution system. The results of different planning strategies are compared and analyzed. Furthermore, the impact of the planning with each objective function on other indices is evaluated.
Authors: Yasaman Niazi, Mohamad Esmail Hamedani Golshan, Hassan Haes Alhelou
Published in: IEEE Access (Volume: 9)